In today’s modern world of unhealthy lifestyles, diabetes is a common condition that affects millions of people all over the world. The disease affects the body’s ability to produce or use insulin, resulting in abnormally high blood glucose levels.
It is important to spot signs and symptoms early on so as to prevent the disease from developing into something worse. Over time, diabetes causes damage to blood vessels and nerves, resulting in difficulty in seeing, numbness of hands and feet, and even increased risk of heart attack or stroke. Thus, make sure you’re in the clear by getting an early diagnosis, especially if you notice the following symptoms:
- Constant thirst and frequent urination
- Feeling hungry even after eating
- Blurry vision
- Cuts and sores that don’t heal
But sometimes it is better to get tested even if you don’t experience these symptoms. Like if you have high blood pressure, heart disease, low HDL cholesterol, polycystic ovary syndrome, family history of diabetes, or if you are overweight and don’t exercise regularly.
The following are some tests for diabetes:
A1c test: It is done without fasting and estimates blood sugar levels over time. It is also known as the glycated hemoglobin test. It measures the amount of glucose that got attached to red blood cells over the last three months.
The normal reading is less than 5.7 percent. Anything between 5.7 and 6.4 percent indicates prediabetes. If the reading is higher than 6.4 percent, it indicates diabetes.
Random blood sugar test: As the name suggests, this is a blood test that is done at any given time, irrespective of when you last ate. A reading of 200 mg/dl or higher indicates diabetes.
Fasting blood sugar test: The blood is drawn after fasting overnight. Results less than 100 mg/dl are normal. Anything higher than 125 mg/dl indicates diabetes. The range in between is a sign of prediabetes.
OGTT (Oral Glucose Tolerance Test): This test takes place over two hours. Readings are taken once in the beginning of the test. Then the patient is given a sugary drink and a reading is taken again. Results less than 140 mg/dl are normal. Between 140 and 199 mg/dl indicates prediabetes. Greater than 200 mg/dl means diabetes.
This is more commonly used to diagnose type 1 diabetes. Urine is tested for ketone bodies that are produced by the body when fat tissue is used instead of blood sugar to make energy. Thus, the presence of ketone bodies in urine indicates that the body is not making enough insulin.
Gestational diabetes tests
Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women, during the second and third trimester. There are two types of screenings for gestational diabetes.
Initial glucose challenge test: A blood test is done an hour after drinking a syrupy glucose solution. If the blood sugar level is below 140 mg/dl, it is considered normal. A higher level simply indicates a higher risk, which is determined by a glucose tolerance test.
Follow-up glucose tolerance testing: After overnight fasting, blood sugar level is measured. Then you’ll be made to drink a solution with higher concentration of glucose, and readings will be taken every hour for three hours. If at least two of these readings are higher than normal, you have gestational diabetes.
Once a diagnosis is given, it is time to make lifestyle changes that can help keep the condition in control. An important part of this is the diet. Make sure you follow a healthy diet instead of completely cutting down on important nutrients. You will get the best results by making your pantry entirely organic. To buy from a whole range of 100% chemical-free organic produce, visit 24 Mantra’s online organic store here: https://www.24mantra.com/