When the blood flowing in the arteries pushes against the walls, it generates a pressure that can either be low or high. Usually, high blood pressure is considered problematic. But if the blood pressure becomes too low, it can result in dizziness or light-headedness. Also known as hypotension, this condition can be life-threatening in its severe forms.
Blood pressure lower than 90/60 (systolic/diastolic) is considered low. This can result from other underlying conditions or disorders. The symptoms include fatigue, nausea, lack of concentration, in addition to the aforementioned dizziness and fainting. In extreme cases, it results in a shock, which has symptoms of confusion, rapid breathing, weak and quick pulse, cold and clammy skin, etc. This requires immediate medical attention. However, other symptoms only require routine examination.
The causes of hypotension are many and varied. Some conditions that lead to low blood pressure include:
- Copious blood loss due to injury
- Dehydration resulting in weakness and shock
- Bloodstream infections
- Endocrine disorders like diabetes, adrenal insufficiency, thyroid disease, etc.
- Problems in circulation due to faulty heart valves or heart attacks
If you experience any of the symptoms on a regular basis, it is advisable to visit the doctor. Along with a physical examination, the doctor will take your age, symptoms, and medical history into consideration.
Other tests that may be performed include an ECG (electrocardiogram) and an echocardiogram. Blood tests are prescribed to check for anemia and blood sugar levels. Depending on the results, the doctor will give you a diagnosis and start treatment if required.
In most cases, treatment for low blood pressure is done in the form of lifestyle and diet changes. Some simple recommendations to increase blood pressure are:
- Increase the amount of salt in your diet.
- Keep yourself hydrated, consume a lot of fluids.
- Reduce the consumption of alcohol.
- Check your prescriptions, if any, to see if medications are causing the symptoms.
- Exercise regularly.
- Take care of your posture and don’t change it suddenly.
- Avoid strenuous work, prolonged standing, etc.
- Eat smaller and more frequent meals.
- Cut down on carbohydrates.
- Relax after eating.
If medication is required, the doctor may prescribe drugs such as fludrocortisone and midodrine. The former promotes sodium retention by the kidney, which causes swelling due to fluid retention, improving blood pressure. The latter activates receptors in the arteries and veins to increase blood pressure. It also helps people with postural hypotension due to nervous system dysfunction.
Hypotension can be managed by being careful and avoiding triggers. Monitor your diet carefully and eat healthy food. To ensure that you’re protected from the dangers of chemicals in food, opt for 100% genuine organic food. 24 Mantra offers a wide range of certified organic products. You can visit the website to know more: https://www.24mantra.com/