Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes | 24 Mantra

Difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes


Health and Nutrition

Diabetes is one of the most prevalent diseases in today’s modern world. The unhealthy lifestyle and stressful work environment have contributed to the rise in the number of cases. There are two distinct types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.

Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, know the difference:

Type 1 diabetes

As it often begins in childhood, it was once called juvenile-onset diabetes. It is an autoimmune condition where the pancreas is attacked by antibodies, thereby, failing to produce insulin. It could also result from beta cells (that produce insulin) not functioning properly in the pancreas.

People are genetically predisposed to getting Type 1 diabetes. The remedy is to take insulin regularly, injecting it into the fatty tissue below the skin.

Type 1 diabetes brings with it other risks such as heart disease and stroke. It also damages tiny blood vessels in the eyes, nerves, and kidneys, leading to serious conditions.

To diagnose, a periodic test called the A1C blood test is conducted to check the blood glucose levels over a period of three months. It estimates the overall glucose level and identifies possible complications from diabetes.

Apart from getting frequently tested, Type 1 diabetes requires you to make lifestyle changes which include healthy meals, regular exercise, and daily medication.

Type 2 diabetes

As said before, this is the most common form of diabetes in adults. However, due to rising obesity, even teenagers are developing Type 2 diabetes. Though not as severe as Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes can lead to a number of medical complications. The pancreas does produce insulin, but either this amount is not enough or the body’s cells are resistant to it.

Risk of developing Type 2 diabetes is higher for people who are obese, as their insulin resistance is higher. It also tends to progress, and medication is required to control it. Along with medication, one needs to manage weight, exercise, and improve food habits.

The A1C test is helpful in assessing how well the diet, exercise, and medications are working to control blood glucose levels. It is advised to take this test once every few months.


Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are followed with symptoms like excess urination, increased thirst, and hunger, fatigue, blurry vision and delay in healing of wounds.

However, the symptoms of Type 1 diabetes develop fast, usually in childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes may or may not present symptoms so early, they develop slowly over time. The patients may discover their condition only after complications arise.

Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes can be controlled with the help of a healthy diet, exercise, and medication. Keeping away from processed sugary foods is one way to keep your food intake in check. Also, you can switch to an all-organic diet and enjoy local, healthy and delicious food, free from any chemical and pesticide residue. Visit https://www.24mantra.com to know more about a wide range of certified organic products.


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