Multigrain flour is the amalgamation of several other cereal flours. It is a healthy alternative to using only single grain flours.
But even in multigrain flours, certain parameters make the flours more effective. Flours made of whole-grain cereals are better and more nutritious than those made out of processed grains.
The essential parts of a cereal that hold the most nutrition is the endosperm, bran and the germ. In processing cereals, all these are lost, and the nutrition value goes down significantly.
Over the years, 7-grain atta has gained a lot of popularity in being healthier over single grain flours.
The 7 Cereals of Multigrain
Wheat, Maize, Sorghum, Mungbean, Barley, Finger Millet, and Soybean are the 7 grains and millets which in the right combination will enhance your 7-grain atta to provide your body with essential nutrients and minerals.
The key advantages of using the 7 essential grains in your multigrain flour are reducing cholesterol levels in the body, easy digestion of food, energy production, and boosting the overall immunity of the body.
Read ahead to find out why you need to include these 7 grains in your diet as 7-grain atta.
Wheat grain provides the body with vitamins and minerals essential for health. It is the base of any 7-grain atta.
Sports enthusiasts and athletes need instant energy to replenish energy lost during their rigorous workouts. Wheat is easily digested and high enough on the glycaemic index that it provides a rush of energy to the body.
The bran in whole wheat grains holds almost 15 % of fibre. In processing, this fibre is lost. So, it is preferable to consume whole wheat products rather than processed wheat.
Magnesium content is high in Jowar, and this helps in better absorption of calcium into the body.
The risk of heart failure is reduced significantly by consuming mungbeans as part of your regular diet as it contains good amounts of potassium and magnesium.
Mungbean contain a soluble fibre called pectin, which helps in maintaining gut health.
Zinc, Phosphorous, and calcium are necessary to maintain bone health. All these minerals are abundant in barley.
Barley contains beta-glucan, a soluble fibre that helps in reducing cholesterol levels. According to Very Well Health, studies have revealed that almost 14-20% of cholesterol can be reduced by consuming barley as part of a regular diet.
Ragi or finger millets are rich in iron and have a large composition of vitamins C, and E. Ragi is also a good source of Vitamin B complex which is necessary for producing healthy blood cells in the body.
Proteins are essential for maintaining the health of the blood cells in the body. One serving of Ragi contains around 10.3 grams of proteins.
Soybean contains antioxidants that could prevent cancer-causing cells from developing. These antioxidants could even kill the cancerous cells and get the human body healthy.
The folic acid content in soybean makes it an essential part of a pregnant woman’s diet, after consultation with the doctor.
Most of the multigrain flours that are available in the market have a different combination of cereals in the mix. However, on average, a typical 100 grams serving of any kind of 7-grain atta has a similar nutritional composition.
No matter how much a packaged product boasts that it is a natural product without any artificial processing, more often than not homemade is best.
The best assurance you can have about the superior quality of multigrain flour is to grind the 7-grain atta at your convenience.
To make the 7-grain atta at home, the grains of Wheat, Maize, Sorghum, Mungbean, Barley, Ragi, and Soybean need to be cleaned of any stone and dirt. Then all the grains except wheat should be dry roasted. After cooled, the cereals and wheat are ground down to a fine powder. A flour mill is the best place to grind the grains.
7-grain atta can be prepared in various combinations by adjusting the cereal quantities depending on personal preference.