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Vitamin b12 rich foods | 24 Mantra Organic

Which Foods Are High in Vitamin B12?

Which-Foods-Are-High-in-Vitamin-B12?

Which Foods Are High in Vitamin B12?

Health and Nutrition
23.10.2019

Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble essential vitamin. In its molecule is an atom of cobalt and hence the name cobalamin. It has an important role to play in the body, it is required for DNA synthesis and for maintaining nerve myelin sheath.

 

Role of vitamin B12 in our body and the importance of vitamin B12 rich foods in our diet:

Vitamin B12 is very important for the appropriate utilization of folate in the body. If vitamin B12 is deficient in the body it can lead to folate deficiency too. Because of vitamin B12, folate requirement is kept at the level we right now are recommended, otherwise, the amount of folate we need would be much higher.

It is also required in the metabolism or breakdown of certain amino acids and fatty acids. 

Vitamin B12 plays a vital role in the maintenance of the myelin sheath that serves as an insulation for nerve cells. The speed with which the nerve impulses are passed depends on this myelin sheath.

Vitamin B12 also plays a critical role along with other B vitamins in homocysteine metabolism. In the case of vitamin B12 deficiency, elevated levels of homocysteine are seen in blood. And elevated homocysteine levels are linked to cardiovascular issues and hence the need for vitamin B12 rich foods or supplements.

 

Recommended dietary allowance (RDA) of vitamin B12

RDA of vitamin B12 is 2.4 µg a day for healthy adults. The RDA during pregnancy increases to 2.6 µg and during lactation to 2.8 µg.

 

What are a few vitamin B12 rich foods?

We get vitamin B12 only from foods from animal sources. Vitamin B12 does not have any role to play in plants hence it is not found in plants. In animals, it is the intestinal bacteria that make vitamin B12 not the animal itself. 

Vitamin B12 is a nutrient of concern for vegetarians and especially vegans. Or for that matter anyone who takes foods of animal origin in fewer quantities. The solution to this problem is consuming vitamin B12 rich foods and vitamin B12 supplements.

 

Here are some vitamin B12 rich foods:

  1. Clams contain about 11.28 µg /100 grams vitamin B12. They are one of the richest sources of vitamin B12.
  2. Organ meats such as lamb liver provide 90.05 µg /100 grams. The liver from beef or any other organ meat generally is a good source of vitamin B12
  3. Fish, whether it is tuna or salmon or mackerel, are also a few vitamin B12 rich foods
  • Vitamin D/100 grams
  • Tuna: 9.43 µg /100 grams
  • Salmon: 4.15 µg /100 grams
  • Mackerel: 7.29 µg /100 grams
  1. Pork also is a fair source of vitamin B 12 – 0.7 µg /100 grams.
  2. Beef also provides vitamin B12, but not as much as organ meat. Beef contains 2.15 µg vitamin B12 in 100 grams.
  3. Crab is also a vitamin B12 rich food with about  11.5 µg /per 100 grams.
  4. Poultry is also a good source of vitamin B12, chicken contains 0.3 µg per 100 grams.
  5. For lacto-ovo-vegetarians, egg is a food that supplies about 0.9 µg /100grams. Since this group of people eat both milk products and eggs, meeting vitamin B12 requirements becomes a little easier.
  6. Lacto-vegetarians can also get some vitamin B12 from milk and other milk products. Milk provides 0.5 µg vitamin B12 from 100grams. Cheese, whether it is Swiss cheese or Mozzarella cheese, is a fair source of vitamin B12, Swiss cheese supplies 3.06 µg /100, mozzarella cheese contains 2.3 µg /100 grams and fresh cheese contains 1.68 µg /100 gms. Plain yogurt is a very popular vitamin B12 rich food and it supplies about 0.4 µg vitamin B12 per 100grams
  7. Fortified foods such as fortified soy products, breakfast cereals, meat analogs, brewer’s yeast, energy drinks, rice milk, almond milk, and other vegetarian foods. For vegans, fortified foods become a major source of vitamin B12.

 

Final word

People with restricted diets such as strict vegetarians and vegans are at risk of developing vitamin B12 deficiency. The deficiency of vitamin B12 is increasing among people because vegetarianism is on the rise worldwide

Foods fortified with vitamin B12 and supplements prescribed by a health care professional play a crucial role in meeting vitamin B12 requirements, especially among those not consuming naturally vitamin B12 rich foods. 

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