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Basmati Rice 101 Guide - What are the different types of Basmati Rice?

Basmati Rice 101 Guide - What are the different types of Basmati Rice?

Basmati-Rice-101-Guide

Basmati Rice 101 Guide

Organic Food
17.06.2020

According to the National Center of Biotechnology Information, Basmati Rice, also referred to as aromatic rice the world over, originated from the Indian Subcontinent. Distinguished by its pleasant fragrance, the various types of Basmati Rice has been around for at least 2400 years.

The staple rice crop is a cherished and popular food source in India, often featuring in several kinds of cuisines. Generally described as long-grained, slender and aromatic, reports suggest that at least 70% of the world’s various types of Basmati Rice is produced in India.

The Different Types of Basmati Rice in India

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As per the Seeds Act of 1996, a total of 29 varieties of Basmati Rice have been identified. Each variety is unique in its properties, flavour, texture, appearance and nutrition.

Hereunder is a list of the most prominent types of Basmati Rice with a description of its features and uses:

  1. Pusa Basmati 1121
    Also known as Muchal Basmati, this variety of Basmati Rice has a long-tipped point. Slender in form, these rice grains are soft to the palate and are usually used for cooking Biryani and Pilaf. It is one of the most widely used types of Basmati Rice.
  2. Pusa Basmati – 1 
    The Pusa Basmati – 1 has extra-long rice grains accompanied by a pleasant aroma. When cooked, the kernel’s volume expansion is four times its normal size. It is known for its easy digestibility.
  3. Ranbir Basmati 
    Ranbir Basmati is a relatively old variety of rice that is widely consumed in Jammu & Kashmir and Dehradun. The grains are exceptionally long with an exceptional aroma and taste which is why it is favoured by the locals. Of the many types of Basmati ricethis one is popular among consumers in general.
  4. Basmati 386 
    These rice grains are known to stretch to double its length when cooked. The Basmati 386 is a premium variety of Basmati rice, quite prevalent in the market.
  5. Taraori Basmati 
    Also known as Karnal local, the Taraori Basmati rice variety is widely popular in the Taraori region. It is considered to be the oldest Basmati rice variety to be cultivated since 1933. Generally used to cook Pilaf, the long-grain rice is aromatic and a general option for weddings and events.
  6. Basmati 217 
    Of the different types of Basmati Rice available in India, the Basmati 217 is one of the newest. It is highly valued for its exquisite taste and rich aroma. The grains of the Basmati are extra-long and superfine.

But What’s the Best Type of Basmati Rice?

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In keeping with the research conducted by Science Direct, people in the Indian subcontinent decide on whether a particular type of rice is of premium quality based on a few specific factors:

  • The physical appearance of the rice grains.
  • How satiating it is to the palate.

Basmati Rice’s hold on the Indian populace is because of the distinct texture, aroma and taste that the many types of Basmati Rice afford to its consumers. So you might be wondering how to ascertain which is the best variety of Basmati Rice.

It’s quite simple. Determine the following factors, and you will be well on your way in differentiating between what is a mediocre and the best variety of Basmati Rice:

  • Aroma: Is it fragrant, floral and pleasant and appetizing to your olfactory senses?
  • Taste: If you find the rice to be soft, fluffy, pliant and succulent, it is this and the exceptional flavour it brings that will convince you.
  • Texture: Are your rice grains delicate to the touch, non-sticky, with each grain staying separately from each other? If yes, you’ve got yourself the best type of Basmati Rice.

The Nutritional Value of Basmati Rice

Each serving of Basmati Rice is said to contain micronutrients such as folate, carbohydrates and selenium. It is also known to be low in arsenic and enriched with other important nutrients.

A cup (i.e. 163 grams) of cooked Basmati Rice consists of:

Calories:210
Protein:4.4 grams
Fat:0.5 grams
Carbs:45.6 grams
Fiber:0.7 grams
Sodium:399 mg
Folate:24% of the Daily Value (DV)
Thiamine:22% of the DV
Selenium:22% of the DV
Niacin:15% of the DV
Copper:12% of the DV
Iron:11% of the DV
Vitamin B6:9% of the DV
Zinc:7% of the DV
Phosphorus:6% of the DV
Magnesium:5% of the DV

Source

Conclusion

Basmati is one of the royal rice types. It is a rice that is very highly regarded in India and consumed heavily, especially during auspicious occasions. Hope you had a ball reading the article.

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