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Organic farming has touched new heights in the past few years. With the rise in growing awareness, conscious consumers are also looking to get to the roots and understand the core of organic farming. To satisfy this thirst for knowledge, here is a comprehensive post that covers everything about organic farming. Read about everything from the guiding principles to the types of organic farming here!
Organic farming is an agricultural practice that makes use of natural fertilisers and biological pest control derived from plant or animal waste. It was in response to the rampant use of chemicals, synthetic products, and toxins introduced into the environment in the aftermath of the Green Revolution. Hence, the different types of organic farming attempt to undo the damage and reinstate ecological balance.
The many advantages of organic farming include:
Currently, the different types of organic farming are plagued with the following limitations:
The following four principles govern all types of organic farming:
Regardless of the types of organic farming, they all make use of the following techniques:
Soil management involves the use of natural fertilisers for replenishing the nutrients of the soil after every subsequent cropping season. Organic farming also uses crop rotation patterns to increase the fertility of the soil.
In organic farming, weed management discourages the use of chemical weedicides. However, pulling out the weeds mechanically require a lot of labour and is inefficient. Hence, organic farming recommends the use of natural weedicides by mowing or cutting and mulching.
Organic farming promotes intercropping, which allows the cultivation of different crops to meet market demands and revive the soil.
Naturally, as all types of organic farming avoid the use of chemicals, farmers are educated to use living organisms for pest control. For example, the unrestricted growth of water hyacinth can be controlled through weevils.
Organic farming emphasises the introduction of plant or animal-based products that are nutritionally dense. These fertilisers and manures are often composted to make the nutrients more readily available to the microbes present in the soil.
There are basically two main types of organic farming, which are:
Pure organic farming is one of the rarer types of organic farming. It is because of the fact that pure organic farming primarily depends on organic manure, fertilisers, and biopesticides for the cultivation of crops. It strictly forbids any kind of inorganic chemical or pesticides that may affect the yield, positively or negatively.
Integrated Organic Farming is one of the types of organic farming that combines the best of organic farming with nutrient management and integrated pest management. In this type of farming, producers grow crops using natural resources, as they would in pure organic farming. However, to enhance its nutritional value and to protect the crops from pests, they will make use of additional inputs.
Now, you have an in-depth understanding of organic farming, the types of organic farming, and all the techniques and methodologies used. It must have become clear by now that organic farming is better for your health, farmers, and overall ecology. So make the smarter choice by using organic products!
Try 24 Mantra Organic’s range of products and savour the taste of organic goodness.
Easy Guide To Kodo Millet Recipe